Education and Tourism at Their Best in Northeast and the Rest of Thailand

Of all the projects I have visited in 17 years in Northeast Thailand this Initiative of the King has had the most effect on me. The six Royal Development Study Centres throughout the country are not only assets to those involved in agriculture, but lessons in sufficiency are plentiful, not to forget the real interest in Green Living that are not only on displey, but taught there..
The Centre is the first place I have visited in 17 years that far exceeds it’s propaganda. As you read the entire brochure below be advised that evrything mention is there, on the ground, better than it looks on paper. I have scanned the entire brochure, OCRed it, edited as best I can and posted the entire thing. Click on the thumbnail…
Not only is everything on the map there on the ground there are some things not on the map. If you are lucky enough to be near one of these centres, or centers, up to uoi, do not miss the chance to visit. At a time when Tourism Authority of Thailand demonstrates that the do not have a clue about what is worth visiting in Isaan and else where this is the real deal “green Tourism” as well as not only educational, but interesting. I will be taking you on more tours of the individual activities as time allows. And here is another bief slideshow of the center. But please read all the information listed below
[yframe url=’http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LI92ItFkcwk’]

Royal Deveiopment Study Centre
Introduction
His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the Ninth King of the Royal House of Chakri, has been dedicated to development work since His Majesty’s accession to the Throne in 1951. His Majesty has be-come familiar with the problems and real conditions of the people through constauitly visiting every region of the country often accompanied by Her Majesty Queen Sirikit and members of the Royal Family.
It is during these many Royal visits to the rural areas that His Majesty has realized the need to initiate development
projects that would directly benefit the people at the grass—roots and at the same time be consistent with the local
physical, climatic and social environmental conditions. Another central principle in His Majesty’s approach to development has been His Majesty’s desire that the rural population should be encouraged to be self—reliant.
Therefore, His Majesty has stressed the need for dissemination of knowledge to villagers with regards to occupational and agricultural techniques.

Background
To encourage the rural people to be knowledgeable and self—reliant, His Majesty the King initiated the establishment
of the Royal Development Study Centres as places for conducting research and experimentation on development
methods and technology which can be applied to each particular area or region according to the actual conditions
and nature of the problem concerned. The centres provide a complete “one—stop service” where people can go to see
demonstrations of development methods and techniques in various fields in order to seek more knowledge or education
and to receive occupational training which is appropriate for local conditions. His Majesty the King has pointed out that
each centre serves as a “living natural museum” or “Developement briefer”

The- selection of a site For setting up a Royal Development Study Centre was carefully and systematically planned by His Majesty the King. Full consideration was given to all factors concerned so that each centre would be located in an area Which was suitable for the solution of problems and the study of appropriate development methods for that particular region. In terms of administration, each Centre is jointly operated by several government agencies and gives the opportunity For all concerned to learn from each other and to
work in the name of the centre.

At present, six Royal Development Study Centres. have been established in all the major regions of the country ….as follows:
1) Khan Hin Sorn Royal Development Study centre in Chachoengsao Province
2) Kung Kraaen Bay Royal Development Study Centre in Chanthahuri Province
3) Pikun Thong Royal Development Study Centre in
Narathiwat Province
4) Puparn Royal Development -Study Centre in Sakon
Nzikhon Province
5) Huai Hong Khrai Royal Development Study Centre
in Chain Mai Province
6) Huai Sai Royal Development Study Centre in
Phetchaburi Province

Royol lnitiative on the Establishment of the Puporn Royal Development Stuoly Centre
His Majesty the King initiated the establishment of the Pupam Royal Development Study Centre on November 25, 1982 at Huai Yang Subdistrict in Muang District, Sakon Nakhon Province to serve as a place to conduct study and experimentation on appropriate development methods which particularly suit the development needs of the Northeastern Region. The Centre covers an area of around 2,300 rai(368 hectares) with an adjacent natural forest area of about11,000 rai (1,760 hectares). The Centre provides acomplete service where people can acquire knowledge,adopt new and appropriate development methods, and receiveoccupational training in order to improve their livelihood.
The Centre also serves to conserve and protect the forest in the surrounding area which is an importantwatershed source, as well as to promote the development of model cooperative villages.
Objectives
1. To study and experiment on appropriate agricultural techniques as models for fanners to use and apply for theirown livelihood. i
2. To restore, conserve and develop forestry throug the use of simple irrigation systems.
3. To cultivate economic crops and to processagricultural produce for agro—industry.
4. To promote occupational development to enable thefarmers to have a steady income to support their family.

Activities
l. Study and Development of Agriculture
The work involves study, research and experimentation of various crop cultivation patterns using appropriate technology to increase agricultural produceand farmers’ income. The implementations include:

1.1 Rice cultivation study of good rice varieties which can be further recommended, experimentation with mixed cultivation of rice with other crops, demonstration of integrated rice cultivation e.g. raising ducks and fish in rice fields, crop cultivation before and after rice harvest as well as the control of weeds.

1.2 Horticulture: experimentation with fruit trees imported from other areas such as durian from the Lao PDR, and training otechnique of fruit trees propagation such as layering, inserted scion budding, and shield budding.

1.3 Mushroom culture;  study on the culture of new kinds of mushroom, production of pure mushroom medium as Well as knowledge transfer among farmers with an emphasis on actual practice at every stage.

1.4 Integrated farming; study of systematic agriculture with the management of farming patterns according to the conditions of each area, crop cultivation, animal raising, frog raising, control of insects and pest, making of bio—extracted liquid fertilizer, and etc.

1.5 Silk worm culture; establishment of mulberry farms to experiment with and propagate high quality mulberry trees for distribution among farmers, and provision of technical advice on proper methods of silk worm culture for farmers.

1.6 Field crop cultivation experimentation with cultivation of proper field crops important for the locality, demonstration of crop rotation with field crops, promotion of the cultivation of field crops after rice harvest and the cultivation of field crops with fruit crops as well as production of field crop seedlings for distribution among farmers.

1.7 Food processing; processing of agricultural produce from various activities conducted at the Centre; for example, banana crackers, crackers made from tapioca, roasted peanuts, corn milk, wine made from mulberry, and vermicelli and snacks made from mung bean.

1.8 Para rubber plantation; study of products from good varieties of para rubber trees with high productivity, plantation of multi—purpose rubber trees intercropping with fruit trees such as mangoes, mangosteens and jackfruits, and arrangement of training courses on rubbertree plantation and tapping.

2. irrigation Work
Implementation of irrigation work in the Centre involves construction and maintenance of reservoirs, water delivery canals, and check dams, and digging of the “New Theory” farm ponds to provide water for the development activities and agricultural experimentation areas in the Centre.

3. Demonstration, Promotion and Development of Water Sources for Fishery
Implementation of study and development of fresh water fishery appropriate to the geography of the Northeastern Region includes various demonstration work, knowledge transfer, and extension work. The examples of the implementation are knowledge
transfer on fish raising in fresh water in an integrated system namely raising fish together with swine, muscovy ducks, and chickens in earth or cement ponds and in rice fields; management of small reservoirs and the villages’ water sources;
promotion of aquaculture; distribution of fish breeds to the villagers in 21 villages encompassing the Centre. The results and the training courses are also set up to enhance the knowledge of the farmers so that they can practice for their own consumption and sell the surplus to increase their income which will further uplift their quality of life.

4. Promotion of Household lndustry
Promotion, guidance and organization of training in household industry for the people living in the surrounding villages to make beneficial use of their leisure are undertaken. The villagers formed groupsto engage in the activities such
as making native textiles bothat the basic and intermediate levels, making products from textiles mixed with plant fiber, making tools from steel, making fumiture from bamboo and making products from
pandan. The training courses include cloth weaving with plant fiber, making of batik cloth, cloth dyeing, processing of products from plant fiber, building of local loom, and etc. This activity not only increases the farmers’ income but also boost their recognition of the maximum use of the materials already available in the local area for making a living.

5. Study and Development of Livestock
The implementation focuses on study and research on animal raising which include foreign meat cows compared with native cows, milch cows, Puparn pigs, Meishan pigs which demand simple care but give many offsprings, indigenous chickens, black Puparn chickens, turkeys, geese, muscovy ducks and laying ducks. The activity also involves raising of hens in houses built over the farm
ponds where plant—eating fish are released, development and management of animal fodder, health care services
for animals, as well as training and distribution of
good animal breeds for farmers.

6. Study and Development of Soil
The work consists of experimentation and research on the improvement of deteriorated soil and soils affected with specific problems such as shallow soil and erosion- prone soil, demonstration and application of organic fertilizer to increase microorganisms and nutrients in the soil, and application of liquid fertilizer to accelerate the growth of plants, the utilization of green manure to increase organic matters and fix nitrogen in the soil, levelling of rice fields to increase the capacity of retaining water, cultivation of vetiver for water and soil conservation, soil analysis, as well as organization of training courses for farmers to adopt the knowledge on their
own lands.

7. Studly and Development of Forestry
The implementation comprises study, research and demonstration work on various aspects of forestry on an area of approximately 11,000 rai (1,760 hectares) which include conservation of forests in watershed areas, conservation of plant genetics, conservation of wildlife, promotion of planting forests for multi—purpose uses and as food sources for the community, land use in agro—forestry
patterns as well as building of the recognition of the value of forests, wildlife and environment, and promotion
of people participation.
One of the highlights is the two—kilometre nature study trail built to promote eco—tourism within the Centre.
8. Promotion of Public Health
Promotion of public health to the people involves arrangement of training courses to help uplift the people’s quality of life, development of a herbal garden which includes improvement of the landscape and propagationof herbal plant seedlings,experimentation and study on growing of herbal plantsfor use in making medicine and Thai traditional massagefor health, promotion of hygienic way of living and fundamental health care based on the use of herbs among the people as well as provision of health care services.

9. Training and Technology Transfer
The Centre has as been able to provide training, knowledge and technology based on the results of the study, research and experimentation conducted in the Centre which has enabled the farmers both living in the surrounding and nearby villages and in other areas to learn and adopt new and 7 appropriate methods of development. The examples of the implementation are training courses on agriculture for occupational promotion to apply as both the main and supplementary occupations, and training courses on
household industry and handicraft making.

Achievements .
Since its establishment in 1982, the Puparn Royal Development Study Centre has achieved its experimentation in finding good varieties of rice suitable for the conditions of the area and popular among farmers. The cultivation of para rubber has also been experimented to the point that it can provide as high yields as in the South which is well~known as the land of para rubber. Moreover, it has been successful in increasing production yields of various crops such as soybean, legume, maize and vegetables. Vetiver grass has shown satisfactory performance in preventing soil erosion and increasing topsoil.Conceming the extension work, the Centre has succeeded in disseminating the principles of the New Theory, which enable the small—scale farmers to have enough agricultural
production for year—round consumption and eventually become self—reliant. In addition, team work has been promoted among farmers to urge them to work closely and systematically under one same Master Plan which will help increase effectiveness of task implementation. Lastly, with its emphasis on the development of human resources, the Centre has organized several training courses for farmers to equip them with the basic knowledge necessary for making a livelihood.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  1. […] Of all the projects I have visited in 17 years in Northeast Thailand this Initiative of the King has had the most effect on me. The six Royal Development Study Centres throughout the country are not…Continue reading […]

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