Buddhists recognize four different kinds of clinging or attachment

king, and this is a Buddhist teaching not being offered as a reflection in Thailand today. The great majority of Thai people identify themselves as “Buddhist” and as such one might think they study and try to practice the teaching of the Buddha. Sadly that seems not to be the case. The King of Thailand, Rama IX died recently after 70 years on the throne, the only King most Thais have ever known. In my opinion the teachings of the King such as moderation and self sufficiency and others are wise and useful lessons and practices for people. These teachings of the king will be alive as long as people choose to keep them alive, but an attachment to anything or anybody impermanent is sure to lead to suffering.
Before I share some of the teaching on attachment that I have found useful here are a couple things I have learned in my attempts to practice Buddhism.
The three characteristics of existence; Anicca,Dukkha, Anatta. Now,for me impermanence and suffering are easy peasy. I see it every moment of every day. But, not self there’s the bugger a lot of work to do here. And the Brahma Vihara; Love or Loving-kindness (metta) Compassion (karuna)Sympathetic Joy (mudita)Equanimity (upekkha). The first 3 over time I have managed to incorporate into my practice in some ways at some levels, but the last is the toughy. And for me the lack of equanimity is tied to attachments…
Enough from me, and there are many more examples from the Buddha’s teaching but I leave those reflections for the Buddhist leaders of Thailand to offer the people

Samsara – Grasping & Clinging
How can we get away from and become completely independent of things, all of which are transient, unsatisfactory and devoid of selfhood? The answer is that we have to find out what is the cause of our desiring those things and clinging to them. Knowing that cause, we shall be in a position to eliminate clinging completely. Buddhists recognize four different kinds of clinging or attachment. 1) Sensual attachment (Kamupanana) is clinging to attractive and desirable sense objects. It is the attachment that we naturally develop for things we like and find satisfaction in: colors and shapes, sounds, odours, tastes, tactile objects, or mental images, objects past, present, or future that arise in the mind, and either correspond to material objects in the world outside or within the body, or are just imaginings. We instinctively find pleasure, enchantment, delight in these six kinds of sense objects. They induce delight and enchantment in the mind perceiving them….


[The Venerable Mettagu:]

“I ask the Lord this question, may he tell me the answer to it. I know him to be a master of knowledge and a perfected being. From whence have arisen these many sufferings evident in the world?”

[The Lord:]

“You have asked me the source of suffering. Mettagu, I will tell it to you as it has been discerned by me. These many sufferings evident in the world have arisen from worldly attachments. Whoever ignorantly creates an attachment, that stupid person comes upon suffering again and again. Therefore a man of understanding should not create attachment, seeing it is the source of suffering.”



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